C.S. Lewis and 8 Reasons for Believing in Objective Morality

By Stephen S. Jordan, Published January 18, 2019

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The cornerstone of the moral argument is the existence of an objective moral standard. If there really is a standard of right and wrong that holds true regardless of our opinions and emotions, then the moral argument has the ability to convince. However, apart from the existence of such an objective standard, moral arguments for God’s existence (and Christian theism) quickly lose their persuasive power and morality as a whole falls to the realm of subjective preference. Although I could say a fair amount about what the world would be like if morality really was a matter of preference (consider The Purge), the purpose of this article is to provide reasons for believing in objective morality (or “moral realism,” as philosophers call it).

Because of his continued focus on the objective nature of morality throughout his writings, and due to his unique ability to communicate and defend this concept in a clear and compelling manner, I will rely heavily on the thought of C. S. Lewis below. As I’ve read through a number of Lewis’s books, I’ve identified eight arguments he raises in favor of objective morality. Below is my attempt to list these eight arguments and offer a few thoughts of my own concerning each.

1)    Quarreling between two or more individuals.[1] When quarreling occurs, individuals assume there is an objective standard of right and wrong, of which each person is aware and one has broken. Why quarrel if no objective standard exists?

By definition, quarreling (or arguing) involves trying to show another person that he is in the wrong. And as Lewis indicates, there is no point in trying to do that unless there is some sort of agreement as to what right and wrong actually are, just like there is no sense in saying a football player has committed a foul if there is no agreement about the rules of football.[2]

Follow this link to the rest of the excellent article by Stephen S. Jordan

The Price of Denying Free Will

By Timothy George - Cross-Examined

Every time I turn around I find someone else denying that humans have free will. From scientists to philosophers to theologians, it’s the cool new trend. We aren’t actually making free choices. We have been programmed either by God or our DNA to act in a certain way and have no choice but to follow it.

To be perfectly clear, we deny all types of determinism, whether it’s physical or divine. Free will is what puts the free in Freethinking Ministries and our cornerstone is the Freethinking Argument. Yet many people still don’t understand the consequences of denying free will.

But first, what is determinism? Basically, it means there is no free will. All of our beliefs, thoughts, actions, etc. are “decided” for us, either by internal or external forces: our DNA, the laws of physics, or a deity. You’re a train on a fixed track with no control whatsoever. Even if you think that you really deliberated about what color socks you were going to wear this morning, you wore what you wore and you were completely unable to do otherwise.

So before you join all the cool kids, you need to know the price of admission. This is what it will cost you to deny free will:

No free will = no moral responsibility

If every one of our actions have been predetermined for us, how can we be held accountable for them? Or how can a divine puppet master condemn you for performing evil actions if he’s the one pulling your strings? The murderer has no choice but to murder. The rapist has no choice but to rape. Whether you are loving and kind or an intolerant, sexist, racist, bigot, you have no control over it. You were born that way, just like everyone else. Nothing you do is your fault.

But do we honestly believe that?

 

To read the rest of the article by Timothy George click here; The Price of Denying Free Will

Top 10 Biblical Archeology Discoveries in 2016

Revisit the most exciting Biblical archaeological discoveries!

Bronze mask of the pagan god Pan discovered at Hippo-Sussita 

Bronze mask of the pagan god Pan discovered at Hippo-Sussita 

Archeology does not validate or substantiate scripture it only corroborates what scripture reveals.  The Bible does not require validation or substantiation because it is already authoritative by God.   I believe that archeology is an amazing study.  One that can provide great encouragement for those who are Christ followers - but also for those who are not followers of Christ it can act as a stepping stone that may help them understand that the Bible is historical reliability of scripture.  

2016 proved to be a great year of discoveries.  The picture above is the mask of the pagan god pan.  Pan was a god of Greek mythology and later Roman mythology (Faunus).  Pan was the god of nature and the wild and depicted to be half man and half goat and considered a god of fertility and life.  He was the god to the shepherds, hunters and people of the wilds.  A major center of Pan worship was in Caesarea Philippi that was originally named Paneus.  It is located about 25 miles north of the Sea of Galilee.   The entire Galilean region has marks of Pan worship.   Remember Jesus told the disciples that He was the good shepherd (John 10).  Also it was at Caesarea Philippi where Jesus asked his followers "Who do you say that I am?"  It was in the backdrop of the pagan worship center to Pan and where the grotto was located with a deep cave where worshipers would sacrifice animals by  throwing them into the incredibly deep cave that was called "the jaws of death."  It was at this location where Jesus stated " And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hades will not prevail against it."  Against this backdrop - Christ was declaring that the most vile satanic powers will not not overcome the His church (Matthew 16:18).  Hippo-Sussita is located just 3 miles east of the northern coast of the Sea of Galilee.  

Read about this archaeological find along with nine others from this article from "Bible History Daily."    

CLICK HERE to Read the Article "Top Ten Biblical Archeological Discoveries in 2016." 

Why Don't People Listen to Your Reasoning?

By Bill Pratt - Tough Questions Answered

Christian apologists try to convince other people that Christianity is true (all Christians are supposed to be doing this, by the way). We have excellent arguments and we have powerful evidence from philosophy, science, and history to support those arguments. That is why Christian apologetics is in a golden age. Yet, more often than not, these arguments fall on deaf ears. Why?

Meet Daniel Kahneman. He is a world-renowned, Nobel-prize-winning psychologist who wrote a book called Thinking Fast and SlowThe book argues that there are two systems operating in your mind: system 1 and system 2. Kahneman describes the two systems as follows:

System 1 operates automatically and quickly, with little or no effort and no sense of voluntary control.

System 2 allocates attention to the effortful mental activities that demand it, including complex computations. The operations of System 2 are often associated with the subjective experience of agency, choice, and concentration.

To Read the Rest of the Article - Click Here; Why Don't People Listen to Your Reasoning

The Surprising Discovery about Those Colonialist, Proselytizing Missionaries

They didn't set out to change history. But one modern scholar's research shows they did just that!

Author - Andrea Palpant Dilley - Christianity Today

For many of our contemporaries, no one sums up missionaries of an earlier era like Nathan Price. The patriarch in Barbara Kingsolver's 1998 novel, The Poisonwood Bible, Price tries to baptize new Congolese Christians in a river filled with crocodiles. He proclaims Tata Jesus is bangala!, thinking he is saying, "Jesus is beloved." In fact, the phrase means, "Jesus is poisonwood." Despite being corrected many times, Price repeats the phrase until his death—Kingsolver's none-too-subtle metaphor for the culturally insensitive folly of modern missions.

For some reason, no one has written a best-selling book about the real-life 19th-century missionary John Mackenzie. When white settlers in South Africa threatened to take over the natives' land, Mackenzie helped his friend and political ally Khama III travel to Britain. There, Mackenzie and his colleagues held petition drives, translated for Khama and two other chiefs at political rallies, and even arranged a meeting with Queen Victoria. Ultimately their efforts convinced Britain to enact a land protection agreement. Without it, the nation of Botswana would likely not exist today.

The annals of Western Protestant missions include Nathan Prices, of course. But thanks to a quiet, persistent sociologist named Robert Woodberry, we now know for certain that they include many more John Mackenzies. In fact, the work of missionaries like Mackenzie turns out to be the single largest factor in ensuring the health of nations.

To read the rest of this amazing story about Missionaries Click Here!

 

3 Key Things Skeptics will say to Shame your Kids for Being Christians

By Natasha Cain - Blog Post on August 1, 2016

I haven’t blogged in the last couple of weeks because my family and I were on vacation. We went on a wonderful trip to the island of Grand Cayman! I successfully managed to avoid email while I was there, but that made for quite a backlog by the time I returned. As I started going through the emails to my blog address, I was struck by the nature of comment after comment left by atheists on various old blog posts while I was gone: one emotional attack after another and not a single discussion of evidence for/against the truth of Christianity.

I actually get such emails all the time and am very used to it. But seeing them all piled together made me realize how often the objective of skeptics is to shame Christians rather than to engage in fair-minded discussions about evidence—something highly ironic given how much skeptics talk in theory about how important evidence is.

Shaming can have an especially negative impact on kids, who are very susceptible to believing emotion-laden statements. But this, too, is something we can (and should) prepare them for. While shaming comes in all kinds of forms, I can roll 90 percent of skeptics’ comments into some version of three general claims.

Here is what your kids are most likely to hear…and what you can do about it.

CLICK HERE TO GO TO THE REST OF THE ARTICLE BY NATASHA CRAIN

How a Dice Can Show that God Exists

Video by Justin Brierley 

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*Adapted from Truthbomb Apologetics

In this video, Justin Brierley of Unbelievable? demonstrates how a die can be used to demonstrate that the fine-tuning of our universe is the result of design.  The mathematical odds that it would take for all of the variables to align perfectly to form the universe is staggering.  This does not even include the mathematical probability for life to also randomly happen via time, matter and chance. 

This video offers support for the "Fine-Tuning Argument:"

1. The fine-tuning of the universe is due to either physical necessity, chance or design.

2. The fine-tuning is not due to physical necessity or chance.

3. Therefore, it is due to design.

If you are not familiar with the argument from fine-tuning, here is a great introductory video by Reasonable Faith.

Additional Resources on Fine Tuning of the Universe

 Is Our Universe Simply the Winner of the Universe Lottery? @ Truthbomb Apologetics

 

Can Multiverse Theories Explain the Fine-Tuning of the Universe? by J. Warner Wallace

Books to Consider:

Signature of the Cell, DNA and the Evidence for Intelligent Design.  by Stephen C. Meyer

God's Crime Scene: A Cold Case Homicide Detective Examines the Evidence for a Divinely Created Universe.  By J. Warner Wallace

Darwin's Black Box.  By Michael J. Behe

The Privileged Planet.  By Guillermo Gonzalez & Jay Richards